Community Development, NGO Registrar Office LayyahBZU Campus LayyahDistrict Courts LayyahDC Office LayyahQasr e Qureshi Housing Scheme LayyahDr Gulzar Sirati Hospital LayyahBecome Light School Fatehpur LayyahRoad to Chak No 120 TDA LayyahGovernment School 120 TDA LayyahQureshi Kothi Choubara Road LayyahTehsil LayyahFowara Chowk LayyahTDA Chowk LayyahChoubara Road LayyahRoad To Mahboob CanalPrivate Hospital LayyahDoctor in LayyahHappy Home English School Layyah

 

Business Plans Guidelines !

The generic business plan outline should be modified to suit your specific type of business and the audience for which the plan is written.

 

For Raising Capital

For Bankers


Bankers want assurance of orderly repayment. If you intend using this plan to present to lenders, include:
Amount of loan
How the funds will be used
What will this accomplish (how will it make the business stronger?)
Requested repayment terms (number of years to repay). You will probably not have much negotiating room on interest rate, but may be able to negotiate a longer repayment term, which will help cash flow.
Collateral offered, and list of all existing liens against collateral

For Investors


Investors have a different perspective. They are looking for dramatic growth, and they expect to share in the rewards.
Funds needed short term
Funds needed in 2 to 5 years
How company will use funds, and what this will accomplish for growth.
Estimated return on investment
Exit strategy for investors (buyback, sale, or IPO)
Percent of ownership you will give up to investors
Milestones or conditions you will accept
Financial reporting to be provided
Involvement of investors on the Board or in management

Refine for Type of Business

Manufacturing


Present production levels
Present levels of direct production costs and indirect (overhead) costs
Gross profit margin, overall and for each product line
Possible production efficiency increases
Production/ Capacity limits of existing physical plant
Of expanded plant (if expansion is planned)
Production/ Capacity limits of existing equipment
Of new equipment (if new equipment is planned)
Prices per product line
Purchasing and inventory management procedures
Anticipated modifications or improvements to existing products
New products under development or anticipated

Service Businesses


Service businesses sell intangible products. They are usually more flexible than other types of business, but they also have higher labor costs and generally very little in fixed assets.
Prices
Methods used to set prices        
System of production management
Quality control procedures
Standard or accepted industry quality standards
How is labor productivity measured?
What percent of total available hours are actually billed to customers?
Breakeven billable hours
Percent of work subcontracted to other firms           
Profit on subcontracting?          
Credit, payment, and collections policies and procedures
Strategy for keeping client base   
Strategy for attracting new clients

High Technology Companies


Economic outlook for the industry
Does company have info systems in place to manage rapidly changing prices, costs, and markets?
Is company on cutting edge with its products and services?
What is the status of R&D? And what is required to:
Bring product/service to market?
Keep the company competitive?
How does the company:
Protect intellectual property?
Avoid technological obsolescence?
Supply necessary capital?
Retain key personnel?
If your company is not yet profitable or perhaps does not yet even have sales, you must do longer-term financial forecasts to show when profit take-off will occur.  And your assumptions must be well document and well argued.


Retail Business


Company image
Pricing:
Explain markup policies. 
Prices should be profitable, competitive and in accord with the company image.
Calculate your annual inventory turnover rate. Compare this to industry average for your type store.   
Customer service policies: should be competitive and in accord with company image.
Location:  Does it give the exposure you need?  Is it convenient for customers?  Is it consistent with company image?
Promotion:  methods used, cost.   Does it project a consistent company image?
Credit:  Do you extend credit to customers?  If yes, do you really need to, and do you factor the cost into prices?